Called To Controversy PDF Free Download


Great controversy is concluded. While the subjects here presented involve the loftiest imagery, and most wonderful depth, even as the apostle declares, “the deep things of God,” which the Spirit alone is capable of searching into (1 Cor. 2:10), yet they are treated in language chaste, simple, and easy to be understood.

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Welcome to the Journal of Educational Controversy — an interdisciplinary electronic journal of ideas. The purpose of this peer reviewed journal is to provide a national and international forum for examining the dilemmas and controversies that arise in the education of citizens in a pluralistic, democratic society.

JEC has been published since 2006 and we have recently transferred previously published issues to Western CEDAR. Our first issue published directly in Western CEDAR was in 2015. Download usage figures during the first ten years are not included.


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Volume 15, 2021

To be announced shortly

Special Notice for this Issue

Articles published for this issue of the Journal of Educational Controversy will be going online incrementally rather than waiting for the issue to be completed and subsequently closed.

Readers are invited to return to this issue to read the latest article that has been accepted for publication.

Articles in Response to Controversy

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Allusive, Elusive, or Illusive? An Examination of Apologies for the Atlantic Slave Trade and their Pedagogical Utility
Esther J. Kim, Anthony Brown, Heath Robinson, and Justin Krueger
Vol. 14, Iss. 1

Theme: The Ethics of Memory: What Does it Mean to Apologize for Historical Wrongs

How Historical Context Matters for Fourth and Fifth Generation Japanese Americans
L. Erika Saito
Vol. 14, Iss. 1

Theme: The Ethics of Memory: What Does it Mean to Apologize for Historical Wrongs

Making Sense of and with “Profound Regret”: Howard County Board of Education’s Apology for a Racially Segregated Public School System
Rachel Garver and Benjamin Nienass
Vol. 14, Iss. 1

Theme: Ethics of Memory: What Does it Mean to Apologize for Historical Wrongs

A case for unforgiveness as a legitimate moral response to historical wrongs
Hollman Lozano
Vol. 14, Iss. 1

Theme: The Ethics of Memory: What Does it Mean to Apologize for Historical Wrongs

Precisely this equation constitutes the theoretical basis of Mao's rise to power. Having lost control of the urban workers (the proletariat in the orthodox sense of the word), the Chinese Communists, under Mao, eventually found a new 'proletariat' in the poor peasantry as organised and led by themselves.' Mao pdf free download for windows 7. MAO - PDF Free Download. MAO From humble origins in the provinces, Mao Zedong rose to absolute power, unifying with an iron fist a vast countr. Author: Jonathan Spence. 108 downloads 1587 Views 702KB Size Report.

Book Reviews

Review of Jefferson’s Revolutionary Theory and the Reconstruction of Educational Purpose by Kerry T. Burch
Tony DeCesare
Vol. 14, Iss. 1

Author's Response to Book Review
Kerry Burch
Vol. 14, Iss. 1


To apologize for a wrong committed can imply any number of things: that one has committed a wrong against another, that the wrong was done intentionally, that one committed the wrong with malice, that one is consciously aware of doing the wrong, that one has remorse, that one is seeking to right the wrong, that one feels a sense of guilt over committing the wrong, and/or that one is seeking redemption and reconciliation. But what does it mean for a state to apologize for an historical wrong that was committed long before its present members were born, but who may still continue to derive benefits from that wrong? Recently, a university chancellor apologized for his university's role in past racial injustices and acknowledged the “profound injustices of slavery” as he sought to reconcile the past with the present and the future. College protests around confederate statues stir conflicts between arguments over historical injustices and historical heritage. Historical figures who laid the foundation for the enlightenment principles embedded in the founding documents are found wanting in the ethics of historical memory and identity. And the Supreme Court’s current reconsideration of affirmative action brings the issues back into the legal domain, as courts grapple with how to redress the effects of slavery and Jim Crow on educational opportunity. Alternatively, authors may find that the conceptual framework that embeds our question carries certain assumptions that ignores a framework that would center experiences like the Japanese-American internment camps or the Native American Boarding Schools rather than foregrounding them. Would placing the experiences of those who have been wronged central to our inquiry change the very way we pose the problem. How does the very notion of apology even look from the perspective of those who have suffered these wrongs? Words and their meanings have histories and continue through lived experiences that are named and experienced differently. For instance, racialized and other marginalized communities often refer to ‘wronged’ as historically and generationally traumatic—perhaps a different metaphor that communicates suffering is needed? In the midst of what is often highly contentious confrontations, this issue of the journal is seeking to bring moral clarification and rigorous discernment to the topic.

What has happened?

  • The CPI (M)-led Kerala government is under fire for allegedly inking a deal with an American firm for deep sea fishing and allied processing,
  • What the Congress-led Opposition calls a bid to sell off the state’s marine wealth, endangering the livelihood of lakhs of fishermen in the state.

What is the controversial deal all about?

Called To Controversy PDF Free Download
  • During the global investors meet, ASCEND-2020, in January 2020, Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation, under Industries Department,
  • Inked an MoU with Indian arm of US firm EMCC International India Private Limited for
  • Fisheries research and development for the up-gradation and promotion of deep sea fishing in Kerala”.
  • The firm had stated that total outlay of the project was Rs 5,000 crore.
  • One of the stated objectives of the deal was deep sea fishing with state-of-the-art technology.
  • The components of the project were construction of 400 deep sea fishing trawlers as per the design proposed by EMCC, five mother vessels with modern technology,
  • Up-gradation of 14 fishing harbours in Kerala as per EU standards, 50 sea food processing plants, hospitals and air ambulances for fishermen and aquaculture farms.
  • The proposal said the EMCC would train and deploy 1.60 lakh fishermen in deep sea fishing.
  • Their skills would be upgraded, and the local fishing community would benefit in terms of direct and indirect employment opportunities,
  • Apart from the supplementary economic benefits triggered by the fishing and processing activities.

How is the proposed project is against fisheries policy?

  • The Union Government had in 2017 withdrawn permission given for foreign trawlers, (given in 2014) for deep sea fishing in the exclusive economic zone of the country.
  • The EEZ of the country extends up to 370 km from the coastline.
  • In fact, foreign trawlers had been operational since 1997 with the then Union Government issuing letters of permission for foreign trawlers.
  • In Kerala, the fisheries policy of the CPI (M) government is against allowing foreign or Indian corporate groups in deep sea fishing along the Kerala coast.
  • The professed policy of the state is to equip the traditional fishermen for deep sea fishing by making them owners of deep sea fishing vessels.
  • Besides, there would be restrictions on the number of vessels.
  • Only traditional fishermen would be given permission to replace their old boast.
  • The state claimed to have exerted pressure on the Union Government to withdraw the sanction given to foreign vessels.

Why did Kerala govt go ahead with project?

  • As a sequel to the MoU EMCC had inked with KSIDC in 2020, Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation (KSINC),
  • A public sector entity under Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan, on February 2, 2021, signed a new agreement with the same US-based firm for manufacturing 400 deep sea trawlers and related activities at a cost of Rs 2,950 crore.
  • The government had officially announced this agreement, inked on February 2, in which KSINC was expected to give infrastructure facilities to EMCC for manufacturing deep sea vessels.
  • It said these deep sea vessels would be given to traditional fishermen and the company would modernise fishing harbours and engage in processing industry along the state’s coast.

How has the issue snowballed into a pre-poll controversy?

  • The Opposition allegation that CPI (M) is trying to sell off the marine wealth to the US firm has suddenly stoked fire along the coast.
  • The project was not debated among stakeholders.
  • Many of the project components would end up privatisation of the state fisheries sector, including the harbours.
  • Various fishermen community organisations, except the one affiliated to CPI (M), have declared a coastal hartal on February 27.
  • The Congress and the BJP are playing the issue to the hilt among the fishermen community.
  • The issue has embarrassed the CPI (M) as it looks contradictory to its own professed stand against the corporates in fisheries and agriculture sectors.

Q) Which of the following statements regarding fish production is correct?

  1. India ranks third in fisheries production.
  2. Gujarat ranks first in fish production in India.
  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2
  4. None of the above

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